|Furthering the art and
science of management
By Quintus Perera
In 1945 Sir Stafford Cripps, President of the Board of Trade in
Britain appointed a Committee, under the chairmanship of Sir
Clive Baillieu, President of the Federation of British
Industries to formulate detailed proposals for the setting up of
a central institute for all questions relating to management
Following the recommendations of the Baillieu Report, the
British Institute of Management (BIM) was formed in 1947.
The UK’s first Diploma in Management Studies was introduced by
the BIM and the Ministry of Education in 1951.
BIM merged with the Institution of Industrial Managers (IIM) in
1992 to form the Institute of Management (IM). The awarding body
status of the IIM was transferred to the new Institute.
In 2000 the Institute accredited its 250th approved centre to
deliver IM management qualifications.The Institute of Management
was awarded a Royal Charter in 2002 and became the Chartered
Accordingly the Institute’s management qualifications were
recognised as part of the UK’s National Qualifications Framework
for Higher Education.
Though there were a large number of CMI members in Sri Lanka
heading various establishments it was only in 1996 that three
members - Sunil Deheragoda, Gamini Karunaratne and Prins Nayagam
initiated to form the first branch of the CMI here.
Sunil Deheragoda who is also the current President of the Sri
Lanka Branch said that CMI has around 90,000 members while there
are more than 200 members here. “We interact with one another,
exchange views on management to further the art and science of
management across all managers in Sri Lanka,” he said.
“To facilitate greater participation, CMI initiated the
Management Club where managers in public and private sector
could join irrespective of whether CMI members or not. Two such
clubs have been already formed with over 400 members”.
“CMI is the champion of management in shaping and supporting the
managers of tomorrow by sharing latest management norms and
setting standards in management development where CMI helps
CMI lays down stringent entry requirements and with the awarding
of the Royal Charter to maintain high standards of its members
entry is ensured only for the most suitable persons, he said.
“There are three categories of members – Associate, Member and
Fellow and of course it is quite difficult to become a member.
Once the entry qualifications are fulfilled, the application is
scrutinized by an evaluation Committee in UK to assess whether
the person is within the ambit of a proper overall managerial
For Sri Lankans to become members of CMI they have to be first
in some kind of overall managerial level”.
“Those with managerial experience and a University degree or
equivalent professional qualifications are eligible to apply.
Others with managerial experience will have to sit for an
examination to consider for membership of the CMI”.
“CMI educational process has now been fully developed in UK. In
Sri Lanka we are now in the process of organizing to offer
professional training on management.
Those who acquire such management qualifications could straight
away apply for managerial positions or may be in the first
instance as management trainees”.
“Though there is no direct linkage with the Institute of
Management of Sri Lanka (IMSL), there are cross members and in
fact currently the First Vice-President, CMI is the President,
Whenever CMI has any programmes IMSL members are eligible for
the same facilities as CMI members”.
“As at present our members are generally involved in overall
managerial positions, but we are now giving some thoughts to
cover specialized management areas, like human resources
management, financial and industrial management within an
“The role of the manager is to manage his establishment
profitably, adhering to accepted norms. In general our managers
manning companies have shown skills and capability.
Thus they have become part of the economic progress of the
country, through the skilful handling of the organizations
profitably,” he said.
Professors agree on peace and
Two great academics one now in politics and the other
pursuing his academic career agreed that the war should be
stopped and that all energy to be utilized to maintain peace and
unity for the same of country’s development.
They were Prof. G. L Peiris M.P and one time minister and Prof.
V.K Samaranayake, Chairman, Information and Communication
Tecchnology Agency of Sri Lanka (ICTA). Prof. Pieris was the
Chief Guest at the Graduation Ceremony of the Preston
University, USA Campus, run by AIMS College of Business &
Information Technology (ACBIT), Sri Lanka at the Trans Asia
Hotel Colombo while Prof. Samaranayake was the Guest of honour.
Speaking as the guest of honour Prof V K Samaranayake said,
“Today’s development in the world is such, the bank accounts and
tax forms of Americans and some of the other developed countries
are handled in Sri Lanka as technological innovations have so
well adapted here with educational and cultural boundaries in
the world removed But with all these development activities
taking place, it is difficult to understand as to why we are
fighting in this little country while most other similar nations
have forgotten what they were, to make use of technological
advancements towards development”.
He stressed the importance of working with everybody together as
one nation. The government’s attempts to work on a common agenda
He said, graduation ceremony is important and joyful as a reward
for hardwork. It is the beginning of another stage of life and
this second advanced degree is a recommendation to continue the
work in serving the country and the world at large.
He said, around the world today so many things are happening,
which nobody expected as no one thought that a US University
Degree could be obtained in Sri Lanka and is due to
technological advancements and predicted that many more to come.
There is no reason as to why Americans should not study in Sri
Lanka, in the same manner American degrees could be obtained in
Prof G L Peiris MP, who was one time the Vice Chancellor,
Colombo University said as Chief Guest, “though these graduates
have received foreign degrees they all belonged to this country
and their origins are here and urged them to not to leave the
country for greener pastures as Sri Lanka has ample
opportunities for them”.
He said Sri Lanka was the first country in the region to open up
its economy in 1977 and the first country to liberalize adhering
to Article 8 of the International Monitory Fund. A highly
developed infrastructure is in place in the BOI for the
investor. But, he said, if we are to realize the full potential
of the country with a unique human resources, peace and
tranquillity in the country are absolutely necessary. Then only
the investors, and the tourists could be attracted to the
He said “Certainly, it is a matter of satisfaction because the
major political parties in this country have agreed to discuss
about the problems in earnest.”
Prof Harry Haenisch, CEO Preston University who has specially
flown to Sri Lanka to participate in this Graduation Ceremony
said his University has 50 affiliated Campuses in 25 countries.
He said these graduates during their studies had to make
sacrifices in neglecting their families, and friends and now it
is time to make amends for such sacrifices.
Prof. Haenisch said “You are now joining the fraternity of the
Preston University Family and we welcome you to our family.
Think of the quality of your achievements and the degree is
quite a worthwhile one. I thank you for your hard work in
Kithsiri Manchanayakke, Chairman/MD, AIMS College of Business
and Information Technology (ACBIT) affiliated Campus of Preston
University, USA said ASBIT is a fully owned subsidiary of AIMS
Holdings (Pvt) Ltd established in 1987 initially started as a
computer training school in Negombo and afterwards diversified
into several other areas.
He said they have started four branches for computer training
and English proficiency courses, and to train for British
Computer Society Examinations.
He said today 26 senior executives of various establishments
have obtained the Masters Degree.
ACBIT, affiliated Campus, Preston University conducts courses
for Bacholars, Masters and PhD programmes and have also started
Master of Buisness Administration courses. (QP)
ALaRM holds first meaningful discussion on
garment industry and workers
The country’s garment industry has been confronted with the
emerging markets and giants like India and China and there is
heavy competition for survival with number of garment factories
in Sri Lanka closing down and thousands of workers being
Therefore, before discussing living wages or anything else we
have to be mindful of keeping the cost of production as low as
possible and the garments to be of highest quality, at least to
maintain the current quantity of garment sales, said Dhammika
Dias, Quality Supervisor for Wal Mart Global Procurement
(Buyer’s representative) indicating the industry view at the
first full- scale discussion on Sector Specific Living Wage for
Sri Lankan Apparel Industry Workers, held at the BMICH last
The discussion was arranged by a group called “ALaRM” consisting
of a number of Trade Unions, Labour NGOs and Observer
Organizations affiliated to the apparel industry which has been
formed to fight for the rights of women workers in the industry.
Dias said whatever happens here, the buying prices would not
change while the increasing cost of production due to the ever
increasing high cost of fuel and electricity and other costs
have to be born by the producer and those who cannot balance the
income and expenditure have to close up and go. He said, though
the employers like to pay the workers little more, they are
precluded due to various cost factors. What is important is the
increase in productivity.
After the quota system for garment industry was withdrawn in
2005, though the major portion of the industry handled by large
companies managed to survive, many small factories faced the
difficulty of getting buyers for their products and some of them
in fact had to close down. On top of this calamity the garment
industry had to face the toughest test of survival competing
with giants in the trade like India and China as well as the
emerging markets like Cambodia, Vietnam etc.
With all these constraints, the industry in Sri Lanka has been
accused of neglecting the working conditions and remunerations
of the workers. Anton Marcus, General Secretary, Free Trade Zone
and General Services Employees Union who acted as the moderator
of the discussion said that productivity does not necessarily
mean increase in production, but is a matter of how much one
invests and how much he gets in return.
He said there is an unimaginable difference of a workers salary
and a managers salary as some managers of garment factories are
drawing more than Rs 100,000 per month, while the workers who
toil hard day in and day out gets only a mere Rs 5,000 per
month. He said “You have to think of these diabolical
disparities when you consider productivity.
He said the problem is whether the industry is willing to get
the participation of the workers and if the workers could
participated in the decision making process, the productivity
factor could be tackled, as the worker would have a sense of
belonging. He said the workers would then contribute immensely
towards the progress of their workplace.
The discussion emanated from an elaborate research paper
compiled by R P I R Prasanna and B Gowthaman on behalf of ALaRM.
ALaRM has been concerned of the threat of factory closures and
anticipated job losses in the industry and the vulnerability of
apparel industry workers, under the pretext of increased
competition in the global market and the need for cost cutting.
The possibility of reduction in wages, benefits and bad working
conditions and the predicted situation meant that there will be
enormous pressure to reduce the workers benefits and erode the
The Research paper presented for discussion centred on: fair
compensation for job losses due to MFA phase out; living wages
to bring to the National agenda and into the dialogue and
bargaining with employers and government the concept of ‘Living
Wage’ – a social wage that recognizes hidden costs of women
workers and sufficient to fulfil basic needs from an eight hour
work; better living conditions to ensure a dignified healthy,
secure living and working environment for the women workers and
unfettered freedom of association and to create an environment
which affirms the concept of freedom of association as a basic
legal right of the workers.
After the long discussion and listening to all the parties, it
was agreed to take into consideration the various matters
emphasized such as productivity, maintenance of low cost of
All the participants agreed that the research paper was well
prepared and the initiation of the discussion is a welcome sign
for the garment industry at large.
Sisco Systems announces expansion plans
Sisco Systems Inc., a worldwide leader in networking for the
Internet has been working in Sri Lanka for the last seven years
and has now decided to expand further as Sri Lankan economy is
bound to grow further.
Jangoo Dalal, Senior Vice President-Enterprise, Cisco Systems
(India and SAARC) announcing the Sisco expansion in Sri Lanka at
a press briefing held at the Colombo Hilton Hotel said, they
have seen significant growth in the Sri Lanka in the recent
past, particularly in the services, banking and small medium
business (SMB) and hence their expansion here is inevitable..
Rajkumar Natarajan who has been shuttling to and from India is
now placed as the new Country Manager of Sri Lanka who is
responsible for driving growth in Sri Lanka as well as in the
Natarajan said, in this phase of unprecedented growth, the
endeavour of Cisco is to enable customers to make prudent
decisions on IT infrastructure investment to achieve
productivity gains, cost reductions and global competitive
Sisco Systems based in the US operates in Sri Lanka through
Sisco Systems India (Pvt) Ltd.
The Company has been in existence for the last 22 years and its
annual revenue has been US $ 28.5 billion.
HNB Pethum Vimana awards Audi car
The HNB Pathum Vimana Rewards Mid - Year draw was held last
week at HNB Towers. H M N D Bandara won the first prize of Audi
A4 Car. The other prizes included: 18 refrigerators 45 washing
machines and 180 gifts vouchers woth Rs 10,000 each and 225 rice
At this draw, Rajendra Theagarajah, Managing Director/CEO, HNB
speaking as Chief Guest said the main ethos of this veritable
scheme is to teach the people the habit of saving and offering
rewards for saving.
Those who maintain Rs 100,000 balance in their savings accounts
and those maintain Rs 50,000 balance in their current accounts
would be eligible to win a Mercedes Benz car worth several
million at the year end Premium Draw.
The novel scheme “Pethum Vimana” was introduced as apart of
HNB’s effort to inculcate savings habit around 14 years ago.
Attractive rewards offered on the scheme for the 14 years in
succession have made this savings scheme very popular. (QP)