Pakistan floods kill more
Rescue workers and troops in northwest Pakistan were
Saturday struggling to reach thousands of people affected by
the worst floods in living memory as the death toll rose
Hundreds of homes and vast swathes of farmland were
destroyed in the northwest and Pakistani Kashmir, with the
main highway to China reportedly cut and communities
isolated as monsoon rains caused flash floods and
“This is the worst ever flood in the province of Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa in the country’s history,” provincial
information minister Mian Iftikhar Hussain said Friday.
“At least 408 deaths have been confirmed in floods and
rain-related incidents across the province,” he said.
Another 150 people were missing in the northwestern
province, where impoverished families live in remote
At least 600,000 people have been affected and the number
was likely to escalate as river levels continue to rise, the
Peshawar, the main city in the northwest, and the districts
of Swat and Shangla were cut off from the rest of country as
roads and highways were submerged in water, he said.
The army said it had sent boats and helicopters to rescue
stranded people and miliary engineers were attempting to
open roads and divert the waters from key routes.
The death toll dwarfed the 152 killed when a Pakistani
passenger jet crashed into hills overlooking Islamabad on
Wednesday and capped a week of tragedy for the nation of 167
WikiLeaks ignites war debate
“I’m not asking your newspapers to support the
Administration, but I am asking your help in the tremendous
task of informing and alerting the American people. For I
have complete confidence in the response and dedication of
our citizens whenever they are fully informed.” - JFK
Freedom of information at a time of war has been a hotly
debated topic for many years. At the time President John F.
Kennedy uttered the above words in an address before the
American Newspaper Publishers Association in 1961, the
United States was embroiled in a bitter war in Vietnam.
Though this speech is celebrated to date as a profound
expression for the freedom of the media, even at times of
conflict, in reality, the right to information is by no
means considered as equally important by those who claim
that national interests, especially its security, should
take precedence above everything else.
Can of worms
Last week, the debate over the media’s freedom for
expression, the general public’s right to information and
the necessity to protect State secrets in the greater
interests of national security, took a dramatic turn, with
the website WikiLeaks.com publishing over 90,000 classified
documents on the conduct of US troops in Afghanistan.
On July 25 WikiLeaks published classified US military
documents which, some analysts claim, have evidence of US
troops committing war crimes in Afghanistan. One particular
elite Special Forces unit called Task Force 373, that had
been assigned to hunt down and kill enemy combatants in
Afghanistan, is attributed with over 200 incidents of
civilian deaths. Elsewhere, WikiLeaks appear to identify no
less than 150 different incidents in which, Afghan
civilians, including children, were killed by coalition
troops. More troublingly, there also seems to be evidence
that these incidents were covered up by the responsible
troops and their commanders, without the relevant
information reaching the media.
In a more damaging revelation, the “leaks” have given
evidence of the Pakistan military directly abetting Taliban
forces. The Inter Services Intelligence (ISI), Pakistan’s
equivalent of the American CIA, has long been suspected of
training and arming the Taliban, an organisation the ISI
help create in the 1990’s . On many occasions, US leaders,
including President Barak Obama and Secretary of State
Hilary Clinton, had hinted that the ISI was covertly
supporting US enemies in Afghanistan, even without the full
knowledge of the Pakistani government. While the US has been
nudging Pakistan regarding its own security forces being
involved with the Taliban, the WikiLeaks documents have
placed the administration in a somewhat embarrassing
position, since it publicly claims Pakistan to be the most
vital ally in its war against terror. In addition, the US
has been providing billions of dollars of aid, both economic
and military to Pakistan since 2001, when it commenced the
war in Afghanistan. Continuation of this aid will be a
difficult sell to the American people, especially the
Congress which authorises the outflow of public funds, if
there is damning evidence that the Pakistan military is
aiding US enemies, while receiving billions of dollars in
aid at the same time.
Meanwhile news agencies in India picked up on the indictment
on the ISI to prove what New Delhi has long claimed to be
Pakistan support of militants and terrorists in its own
territory. Indians have, for decades, accused its arch foe
of arming and training Kashmir militants, while recently
stating that the November 2008 attacks in Mumbai were
planned and carried out with the full knowledge of the ISI.
The accusation that the Pakistani military is similarly
supporting the Taliban, which is fighting Afghan government
and coalition troops in that country, has strengthened
India’s demand for action.
Passing the buck
As expected, there was intense criticism of WikiLeaks in
Washington, for what many politicians and military leaders
called an irresponsible act. President Barak Obama expressed
concern about the consequences that the “leak” may bring,
but at the same time, he said that the documents “don’t
reveal any issues that haven’t already informed our public
debate on Afghanistan.” The issues indicated in the
documents covered the time period prior to President Obama’s
announcement of his administration’s new strategy for
A Washington Post search of the 76,000 reports released by
WikiLeaks, turned up at least 100 instances dealing with
Afghan informants. In some of the reports, the informants’
names and villages are listed along with the names of the
insurgent commanders that they had discussed with US and
Afghan officials. The secret reports also include the name
of at least one US intelligence operative.
US Secretary of Defence Robert Gates announced that he would
request the FBI to assist in the probe into the leak and
publication of classified military documents. Gates said
intelligence sources and methods as well as military tactics
will become known as a result of the leak. Meanwhile,
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Admiral Michael
Mullen, the highest ranked serving officer in the US
military, called the leak a criminal act. He said that he
was appalled and outraged that the documents were leaked and
published and lashed out at WikiLeaks co-founder Julian
“Assange can say whatever he likes about the greater good he
thinks he and his source are doing,” said Admiral Mullen.
“But the truth is they may already have on their hands the
blood of some young soldier or that of an Afghan family.”
The Right to Know
With allegations of criminal acts committed by US led
coalition forces, and counter allegations that the released
information can harm troops and civilians in Afghanistan,
the debate continues as to whether or not the public has a
right to know about the conduct of its military during a
time of war. It is no doubt that wars concerning western
nations are fought not only in the devilish battlefields in
far off lands, but also in the living rooms of those who
endorse them in their own countries. It is nearly impossible
for a developed country, especially with a functional
democracy, to execute a war without public support. The
greatest danger of the recent publication on WikiLeaks may
not necessarily be the sensitive military information that
may or may not harm coalition troops in Afghanistan, but the
loss of credibility for the war that is being fought in the
name of fighting terrorism. If civilians are being killed
indiscriminately, atrocities covered up and little progress
is been made to show for all this, then public opinion in
the West is bound to change regarding their endorsement of
what already is considered a war that cannot be militarily
When President John F Kennedy made his famous speech at
the American Newspaper Publishers Association, he may not
have foreseen the considerable role mass media would
eventually play in determining future US policies on the
costly war in Vietnam. When anchor and newsman Walter
Cronkite, called the most trusted man in America, reported
from Vietnam in 1967 that the war cannot be won, JFK’s
successor, President Lyndon Johnson famously remarked to an
aide, “If I’ve lost Cronkite, I’ve lost America.” The
WikiLeaks revelations may not have a similar effect on the
war in Afghanistan, but it would surely make the task of
victory, or even honourable withdrawal, even more difficult
for the United States and its coalition partners.
|Pakistan searches for
doomed plane’s black box
(AFP) A woman’s torso was recovered Friday from the site
of Pakistan’s worst aviation disaster, adding to a grim
harvest as bodies are returned to families and investigators
seek the crucial black box.
The Airblue passenger jet slammed into forested hills
overlooking the Pakistani capital in heavy rain and poor
visibility on Wednesday as it came into land after a morning
flight from Karachi, killing all 152 people on board.
The search and recovery operation has been hampered by
torrential monsoon rains and low cloud, but resumed Friday
as the weather cleared, allowing teams to trek from the road
to the debris on the hillside.
Abdul Jalil, a rescue worker, told AFP that the upper
portion of a woman’s body had been recovered, adding to a
collection of charred flesh and remains from at least 115 of
those on board.
“It was lying on the hill,” Jalil said. Other small pieces
of body had also been recovered Friday, he added.
Zulfiqar Ghori, spokesman for the Pakistan Institute of
Medical Sciences in Islamabad, said about half the victims
had been identified so far.
Zamurad Khan, head of the state-run charity Baitul Maal,
told AFP that at least 88 bodies had been handed over to
relatives following identification.
Other relatives have been angered after being told they may
have to wait as long as a week for laborious DNA tests.
But investigators are now focussing on the aircraft’s
black box, hoping the flight data recorder will provide
valuable clues to the fate of the 10-year-old Airbus 321,
which was piloted by an experienced captain.
Pakistan’s Civil Aviation Authority said it had a team
pursuing every avenue of inquiry. It said it was too early
to apportion blame and warned that the outcome of the
investigation could take time.
|Pakistan searches for doomed plane’s
Questions about the crash have focused on why the pilot
was flying so low over the craggy Margalla Hills in a
restricted flight zone.
“They are gathering all the details, documented evidences,
wreckage samples, conversations and interviews of the
witnesses and officials,” said deputy director general
“Representatives of Airbus are conducting a separate
inquiry. But the two teams will collaborate whenever and
wherever it is deemed necessary.”
“We can’t blame and hold the pilot responsible for the
crash at this stage. We don’t know what the actual cause
could be.... Weather conditions have so far prevented us
from finding the black box, but we hope we’ll find it
The crash was the worst aviation tragedy on Pakistani soil,
piling more woes on a country that is on the frontline of
the war on Al-Qaeda and where Islamist militant bombers have
killed more than 3,570 people in the past three years.
Pakistan came under fire from British Prime Minister
David Cameron and Afghan President Hamid Karzai this week
after the leak of thousands of secret US files accused the
country of double dealing with the Taliban in Afghanistan.
Another 200 people have been killed by torrential rains,
and on Monday eight people died when a Taliban suicide
bomber targeted the mourning rituals for a cabinet
minister’s only son in the northwest.
Two Americans, an Austrian-born businessman, five children
and two babies were among the 152 people on board flight ED
The only deadlier civilian plane crash involving a Pakistani
jet occurred when a PIA Airbus A300 crashed into a
cloud-covered hillside as it approached the Nepalese capital
Kathmandu in 1992, killing 167 people.
|US worried over release of more secret
(Reuters) U.S. officials are worried
about what other secret documents the whistle-blowing
website WikiLeaks may possess and have tried to contact the
group without success to avoid their release, the State
Department said on Friday.
The shadowy group publicly released more than 90,000 US
Afghan war records spanning a six-year period on Sunday. The
group also is thought to be in possession of tens of
thousands of US diplomatic cables passed to it by an Army
intelligence analyst, media reports have said.
“Do we have concerns about what might be out there? Yes, we
do,” State Department spokesman P.J. Crowley told a
briefing, adding that U.S. authorities have not specifically
determined which documents may have been leaked to the
He said the State Department could not confirm the
longstanding reports that WikiLeaks is in possession of a
large set of U.S. diplomatic cables.
But the fact that the documents released on Sunday contained
a handful of State Department cables suggests that other
secret diplomatic messages may have been included in data
transmitted to WikiLeaks, Crowley said.
“When we provide our analysis of situations in key countries
like Afghanistan and Pakistan, we distribute these across
the other agencies including to military addresses,” Crowley
said. “So is the potential there that State Department
documents have been compromised? Yes.”
Both Crowley and White House spokesman Robert Gibbs urged
WikiLeaks and its founder, Julian Assange, not to release
further classified government documents.
Gibbs, noting WikiLeaks claims to have at least 15,000 more
secret Afghan documents, told NBC’s “Today” show there was
little the government could do halt the release of the
|China disapproves sanctions against
(AFP) China said Friday it opposed tough
new sanctions imposed by the European Union on Iran over its
contested nuclear programme, again calling for more talks to
resolve the standoff.
“China disapproves of the unilateral sanctions put in place
by the EU against Iran,” foreign ministry spokeswoman Jiang
Yu said in a statement.
“We hope the relevant parties will adhere to diplomatic
means on the issue, and properly resolve the issue through
talks and negotiation,” she said.
The spokeswoman welcomed Iran’s announcement that it was
ready for immediate talks with the United States, Russia and
France over an exchange of nuclear fuel, saying she hoped
talks would begin “as soon as possible”.
European foreign ministers on Monday formally adopted
measures targeting Iran’s oil and gas industries, going
beyond a fourth set of UN sanctions imposed last month over
its refusal to freeze uranium enrichment.
|CIA erred on Iran’s nukes
(The Wall Street Journal) - In 2007, US intelligence
said Iran had stopped its nuclear weapons programme.
Analyst policy bias and disinformation from Iranian
double agents may explain the mistake (The Wall
Street Journal) In a stunning departure from a
decade of assessments, the 2007 National
Intelligence Estimate (NIE) on Iran declared: “We
judge with high confidence that in fall 2003, Tehran
halted its nuclear weapons programme,” including
“nuclear weapon design and weaponisation work”, and
covert uranium enrichment. Even more astonishingly,
it attributed this change to “increasing
international scrutiny and pressure resulting from
exposure of Iran’s previously undeclared nuclear
work.” In other words, the threat of sanctions had
ended that country’s surreptitious effort to obtain
This assessment suggested that further action
against Iran was unnecessary. Unfortunately, as the
Obama administration has now acknowledged, the NIE’s
conclusion was dead wrong, costing us precious time
in dealing with a serious threat.
The question remains, what caused such a
In 2007, there was still much the same mountain of
evidence that led US intelligence to conclude in the
2006 NIE, with equally “high confidence”, that Iran
was secretly engaged in a nuclear weapons programme.
This evidence included verified reports that Iran
had experimented with Polonium 210, a key ingredient
in the trigger of early-generation nuclear bombs.
And documents recovered from a stolen Iranian laptop
described its efforts to fit a warhead in the nose
cone of its Shahab 3 missile that would detonate at
an altitude of 600 meters, which is too high for
anything but a nuclear warhead to be effective. The
CIA had learned that Iran had most likely acquired a
digital copy of a Chinese nuclear warhead design
from the A.Q. Khan network. It also had monitored
Iran’s crash programme at Natanz to build a nuclear
enrichment plant that could house up to 50,000
Taken individually, these secret activities may
have a non-nuclear explanation. For example, Iran
claimed the purpose of its Polonium 210 experiments
was merely to find a power source for an Iranian
spacecraft (though Iran had no known space programme
at the time). Taken together, however, these efforts
added up an inescapable conclusion: Iran was going
What helped change this conclusion, in addition
to the reorganization of US intelligence, following
the report of the 9/11 Commission, was the receipt
of new secret intelligence from Iran. This
intelligence included convincing evidence that the
facilities of the weapons-design programme (code
named “Project 111”) revealed on the stolen laptop
had been closed down in 2003. Satellite photographs
showed that buildings involved in the programme had
been bulldozed, communications intercepts indicated
that scientists were no longer at the location, and
a high-level defector from the Iranian Revolutionary
Guard, Ali-Reza Asgari, reported that Project 111
had stopped functioning.
|NKorea holds more talks with
(AFP) North Korea and the US-led United Nations
Command held military talks Friday, a Command
spokesman said, the third round since the sinking of
a South Korean warship that was blamed on the North.
Colonels from the two sides met at the border truce
village of Panmunjom, to try to arrange higher-level
talks on the issue.
Cross-border tensions have risen sharply since South
Korea and the United States accused the North in
late May of torpedoing the ship near the disputed
inter-Korean border, with the loss of 46 lives.
US and South Korean forces Wednesday wrapped up a
four-day naval and air exercise -- the first in a
series -- which they said was intended to warn the
North against further attacks.
South Korea’s military will hold its own
anti-submarine exercise in the Yellow Sea next week.
The August 5-9 drill will involve the army, navy,
air force and marines, said a spokesman for the
Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Seoul and Washington have also held talks about
staging a joint military exercise in the Yellow Sea
in September, the spokesman said.
North Korea vehemently denies any role in sinking
the Cheonan corvette in March, but agreed to hold
talks with the UN Command about the incident. It
fiercely denounced this week’s war games and
threatened military retaliation.
At a previous meeting at Panmunjom, the North
demanded to send a high-level team to the South to
inspect evidence dredged from the seabed, including
what Seoul says is a part of a North Korean torpedo.
South Korea has rejected its neighbour’s demand to
send investigators, saying the UN Command should
handle the case as a serious breach of the
When the talks were last held on July 23, the two
sides discussed forming a joint group to assess the
circumstances of and evidence on the sinking.
|Mexico drug kingpin killed:
(AFP) A top leader of Mexico’s
Sinaloa drug gang has been killed while resisting
arrest in a military raid, the defence ministry
said, in a rare victory for authorities battling the
country’s brutal drug cartels.
The army launched the raid in a suburb of the
western city of Guadalajara against kingpin Ignacio
“Nacho” Coronel, who “tried to escape” and opened
fire on soldiers who shot back and “killed the drug
lord,” deputy defence minister Edgar Luis Villegas
told a press conference.
He said Coronel fired on the soldiers, killing one
and wounding another in the operation, which also
netted Francisco Quinones, considered Coronel’s
Coronel, 56, “controlled the mafia group’s cocaine
trafficking along the so-called ‘Pacific route,’”
said Villegas, adding that the intelligence sources
believe Coronel directed the vast drug-running
operations from western Mexico, largely across the
northern border into the United States.
In addition to his cocaine empire, Coronel -- who
was a close partner of Mexico’s most wanted man
Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman -- was also known as the
“King of Crystal” for his dominance of crystal
methamphetamine production and trafficking.
The US and Mexican governments both had outstanding
arrest warrants for him, while US authorities had
offered a $ 5 million reward for information leading
to his capture.
|Serbia for new talks on Kosovo
(AFP) Serbia submitted a resolution to the United
Nations Wednesday which, in an apparent concession
to international pressure, called for new
negotiations on Kosovo, but did not insist on status
Belgrade wants the UN General Assembly to call on
both sides “to find mutually acceptable solutions
for all outstanding issues through peaceful dialogue
in the interest of peace, security and cooperation
in the region.”
The draft resolution, a copy of which was obtained
by AFP, makes no mention of reopening talks on the
status of Kosovo, which Belgrade had previously
Serbia had insisted that it would not hold talks on
any outstanding practical issues, as the EU and the
US have called for, if the question of status was
not dealt with.
Pristina however, quickly condemned the Serbian
proposal as a confrontational move that “does not
contribute to dialogue”.
“This is a political game pursued for the (Serbian)
public in order to show that the battle (for Kosovo)
is continuing,” Kosovo’s deputy Prime Minister
Hajredin Kuci’s told AFP by phone.
“It also aims at misleading the international
According to some observers, Pristina believes that
by insisting on talks on “all outstanding issues”,
instead of just technical issues, as Kosovo would
like, Belgrade is trying to sneak in status talks
through the backdoor.
Kosovo unilaterally declared independence from
Serbia in February 2008, a move that Belgrade
refuses to recognise, as it still considers the
territory its southern province. However, the draft
that Belgrade wants adopted asks the General
Assembly to take “into account the fact that
unilateral secession cannot be an acceptable way to
solve territorial issues”.
The resolution was submitted following last week’s
non-binding opinion by the International Court of
Justice (ICJ) that Pristina’s declaration of
Independence did not violate international law.
It was drafted “after consultations with a wide
circle of international factors, including all
permanent members of the UN Security Council,” the
foreign ministry said in the statement.
Political analyst Predrag Simic told B92 radio that
the draft resolution showed that Belgrade had
received “the message from Brussels... that status
talks were not possible any more after such an
outcome at the International Court of Justice
|Why are French women killing
(TIME) - The question is
as horrifying as it is important to ask: Why are a
rising number of French women killing their newborn
babies? Finding the answer has become a matter of
urgency, following the discovery on Wednesday of
eight infants allegedly smothered to death and
buried by their mother in northern France. And with
that case marking at least the fifth instance of
multiple infanticide reported in France since 2003,
it has become vital for the nation to confront the
phenomenon that appears to be behind it all: A
mental condition known as pregnancy denial.
This latest case of newborn murder in France was
uncovered in the northern town of
Villiers-au-Tertre, after eight tiny bodies were
found buried in the gardens of two separate homes.
Six of the cadavers were unearthed on July 29 by
police at the house of Dominique Cottrez, 45, and
her husband Pierre-Marie, 47. Investigators searched
their home after the resident of a house previously
owned by Dominique’s parents, turned up two tiny
bodies on July 24, while digging a pool in the
backyard. According to the French prosecutor leading
the inquiry in the town, a short distance south of
Lille, Dominique has admitted to hiding her
pregnancies — and the killings of her babies — from
her husband, whom police describe as being
“dumbstruck” by the revelations. Dominique was
charged for the murders; Pierre-Marie has been
cleared of wrongdoing and released, but could yet
become a subject of investigation.
The case in Villiers-au-Tertre is only the most
recent example of a father of slain babies being
apparently unaware of his wife’s pregnancies. Four
other such cases since 2003 include that of
Véronique Courjault, 42, who was convicted in June
2009 of killing three of her newborns — two of whom
she hid in a freezer and were later discovered by
her husband. And this past March, Céline Lesage, 38,
was found guilty of murdering six of her babies
after she hid her pregnancies from the men who had
fathered them. Both women were sentenced to prison —
Courjault for eight years and Lesage for 15.
Experts explained those cases as resulting from
pregnancy denial, an often misunderstood and
minimised condition. According to Michel Delcroix, a
former gynaecologist who served as a court expert in
the Courjault trial and others involving pregnancy
issues, pregnancy denial is a quasi-schizophrenic
condition in which women either don’t realise or
cannot accept that they are with child — not even
enough to have an abortion. Whether these women are
afflicted with the condition before they deliver or
as they’re suddenly giving birth, Delcroix explains,
the psychological denial is so strong that they
refuse to believe they’re pregnant even when the
reality confronts them.
“These women are so convinced pregnancy is
impossible, that once the child they never wanted
arrives, they don’t accept it as real, and get rid
of it to restore order to what they believe is
non-pregnant reality,” Delcroix says. “However
terrible its consequences, pregnancy denial acts in
infanticide cases much as a psychotic state that
drives someone to kill another person does. Yet, we
still try women for what they do during pregnancy
denial, when we don’t try psychotic killers deemed
not responsible for their actions.” Delcroix and
others who are fighting for pregnancy denial to be
medically and legally recognised as an illness,
argue that improving ways to identify and treat
these women, makes more sense than simply punishing
the crimes they commit as a result of it.
What causes the condition? Several things, Delcroix
says, including previous trauma such as beatings and
rape. But other, non-physical factors can also be
involved, and denial can kick in even if a woman has
already had and raised children without a problem —
Lesage has a 14-year-old son; Dominique Cottrez has
two grown daughters. And while pregnancy denial has
been around for decades or longer, Delcroix says
it’s rising in frequency. The probable reason, he
says, is changes in wider social factors that have
downgraded the value of childhood, parenting and
|Attacks on Iraqi military
(CNN) Attacks on military
posts and police stations in Iraq claimed at least
21 lives Thursday.
At least three Iraqi soldiers were killed and eight
others wounded when a suicide bomber driving a
mini-truck loaded with explosives hit an Iraqi
military post in the town of Shirqat, police in
Tikrit said. The town is located about 300 km north
Hours later, two parked car bombs targeting Iraqi
army patrols exploded within 30 minutes of each
other in Falluja. The blasts killed two Iraqi
soldiers and wounded 10 others, police and hospital
officials said. Falluja is a Sunni town, about 60 km
west of Baghdad.
In a separate attack, shooting and roadside bomb
explosions in northeast Baghdad killed 16 people,
including six Iraqi soldiers and three policemen,
and wounded 14 others, officials said.
Clashes erupted between Iraqi security forces and
insurgents in the Sunni neighborhood of Adhamiya at
about 8:30 pm Thursday, wounding 10 people,
officials said. Iraqi security forces imposed a
curfew in the neighbourhood and searched for the
(TIME) A massive explosion in a southern Chinese
city is only the latest in a series of industrial
accidents that have hit China in recent weeks. While
the country’s economic boom has always been dogged
by environmental and safety hazards, the frequency
of disasters this summer has raised new questions
about whether the country can maintain its pace of
expansion without doing catastrophic harm to its
people and the environment. “These accidents are
happening all over China, and the scale ... has
become larger and larger,” says Wen Bo, a senior
fellow with the San Francisco–based NGO Pacific
Environment. “You see something you have never seen
before, and then you see it again on a larger and
The July 28 explosion at a shuttered plastics
factory in Nanjing rocked the surrounding
neighbourhood, killing at least 10 people and
injuring another 300, according to State media
reports. Investigators suspect the rupture of a
propylene pipeline, possibly caused by workers who
were dismantling the factory, triggered the
midmorning blast. The explosion collapsed nearby
structures, shattered windows in the surrounding
area and sent columns of acrid black smoke into the
air. “I heard a loud bang that lasted for about one
second,” said a teacher at the Nanjing Technical
College of Special Education, which is about a
kilometre northwest of the factory. “My first
reaction was to run downstairs, because I thought it
was an earthquake ... As soon as I got outside the
building, I saw most of the windows on the first
floor were shattered.”