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ASTROLOGY  


 

Significance of Lunar dates – Tithis and their effects on you

Numerology – Part 37

By A. S. Fernando
Although we are now following the Gregorian calendar, our ancients both in India and Sri Lanka used the lunar calendar based on the Lunar month beginning from the New Moon and ending with the Full Moon. In fact, still we are following the lunar calendar for religious and astrological purposes.
According to Lunar calendar a date is called `tithi’. 28 Tithis, the new Moon Day and Full Moon Day make up the Lunar month.
The duration of each tithi depends on the distance in degrees between the relative positions of the Sun and the Moon as viewed from earth. A distance of 12 degrees constitutes one tithi.
When the Moon is waxing – when the distance between the Sun and the Moon is increasing - we call it Pura Pakshaya, (Shukla Paksha to Hindus) which is the bright fortnight of the Lunar month. When the relative distance between the Sun and the Moon is decreasing, we call it Ava Pakshaya or Krishna paksha or the Dark fortnight.
Both the Bright Fortnight and the Dark Fortnight have 14 tithis each. The 15th tithi in the Bright Fortnight is called Pasoloswaka or Poornima and the 15th day of the Dark Fortnight Amavaka or Amavasya.