Nation 2  


Indo-Pak talks back on track
ISLAMABAD (AFP) – India and Pakistan on Friday wrapped up a fresh round of peace talks in Islamabad without any breakthrough other than an agreement to meet again in New Delhi ahead of ministerial talks next month.
Contacts between the two bitter nuclear-armed neighbours are nevertheless considered key to help easing tensions in South Asia as the United States prepares to withdraw 33,000 troops from Afghanistan by the end of next summer.
The talks mark a revival of a tentative peace process, which collapsed for more than two years after Islamist gunmen killed 166 people in Mumbai in November 2008 in attacks that India blamed on Pakistani extremists.
India remains deeply concerned about terrorism from Pakistan, exacerbated by the US discovery of Osama bin Laden in Pakistan last month, and Pakistan still considers India its primary threat despite a Taliban insurgency at home.
The two days of talks were conducted by Pakistani foreign secretary Salman Bashir and his Indian counterpart Nirupama Rao, the highest-ranking career diplomats in their respective ministries.
Speaking about the divided Himalayan region of Kashmir, over which India and Pakistan have fought two of three wars, Rao said that only in an atmosphere “free of terror and violence” could a resolution be discussed.
A two-decade insurgency against Indian rule, fuelled by militant groups sponsored by Pakistani intelligence, has claimed tens of thousands of lives.
In reference to a stalled Pakistani trial of conspirators in the Mumbai attacks, Rao also said India needed “satisfactory closure” in order to proceed with the process of normalising ties.
A carefully worded joint statement listed no concrete agreement other than a commitment to meet again in New Delhi, at a date yet to be announced, to prepare for a pre-arranged foreign ministers’ meeting in July.
Nevertheless, original plans for separate news conferences were scrapped in favour of a joint appearance. The friendly atmosphere was in marked contrast to the acrimony at a foreign ministers’ news conference in Islamabad in July 2010.
The statement said talks were “frank and cordial” and that both sides intended to continue dialogue in a “constructive and purposeful manner.”
India and Pakistan announced in February that peace talks would resume after Bashir and Rao met in Bhutan. Talks have focused on the fate of Kashmir, peace and security and confidence-building measures.
But a leading separatist in Indian Kashmir, Mirwaiz Umer Farooq, on Friday called for dialogue led by the Indian and Pakistani prime ministers.
New Delhi has long accused its neighbour of harbouring militant groups, but analysts say it is becoming increasingly concerned that growing unrest in Pakistan could compromise the safety of the country’s nuclear arsenal.
Relations between India and Pakistan, which have fought three wars since the subcontinent was partitioned in 1947, have been plagued by border and resource disputes, and accusations of Pakistani militant activity against India.
Rare Billy the Kid photo to go on auction block
SANTA FE (AFP) – A photograph of a smirking Billy the Kid, taken outside a New Mexico saloon near to where the famed outlaw was shot dead, fetched up to $1 million at an auction on Saturday.
The two-by-three-inch (five-by-eight-centimetre) tintype is the only known adult portrait of the Wild West gunslinger who variously went by William Bonney, Henry Antrim, Henry McCarty or just “the Kid.”
It has also been one of the most commonly reproduced images of the outlaw since it appeared in Sheriff Pat Garrett’s book on how he tracked down and killed the Kid in 1881.
“This is it – the only one,” said Brian Lebel, auctioneer for the 22nd annual Old West Show and Auction to be held in Denver, Colorado.
“We’ll have over 500 (people) in the audience. We have eight telephone lines and we have three different Internet hookups, so people can bid live online with real-time bidding (and) with a camera, so you can see the auctioneer.”
The unidentified photographer originally made four identical tintypes, but the other three have been lost.
The one remaining tintype is owned by brothers Stephen and Art Upham of California and Arizona, who last displayed it publicly in a museum in Lincoln, New Mexico, in the mid-1980s.
It has been sealed in a nitrogen-filled envelope and kept in a safety deposit box since then, Lebel said.
Billy the Kid’s jawline appears asymmetrical in the photograph, possibly because he made a face or moved his head during the long exposure time.
The image is smeared across the hips – apparently from the gunslinger stuffing the tintype into his pocket before it dried.
For years, Billy the Kid was thought to be left-handed because the tintype shows him wearing a holster on his left side, inspiring the 1958 film, “The Left-Handed Gun.”
In fact, the holster was on his right side, and only appears to be on the left because tintype photography creates a mirror image of the subject.
Lebel plans to start the bidding on Saturday at $150,000, half of what he expects to be the minimum sale price of $300,000.
But Western photography collector Bob McCubbin of Santa Fe, who plans to attend the auction, expects bids to go as high as $1 million (700,000 euros).
“This is the Holy Grail of photography,” McCubbin said. “I cannot think of another photograph in the entire world that is as famous as this.”
Afghan, Pakistan presidents in Iran summit

TEHRAN (AFP) – Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari and his Afghan counterpart Hamid Karzai held a three-way summit with Iran on Friday ahead of attending an anti-terrorism conference, state news agency IRNA reported.
Zardari, Karzai and Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad discussed “ways of battling terrorism, extremism and drug trafficking,” IRNA said.
A statement posted on the Iranian presidency website said the three “expressed concern over a rising lack of security, extremism and terrorism, and insisted on the need for cooperation to combat these phenomena.”
The tripartite summit is being held amid announcements by the United States that it will draw down by 33,000 its contingent of 99,000 troops in Afghanistan by the end of summer 2012.
Several hundred French soldiers have also been recalled from Afghanistan recently, while Britain and Germany, which have the largest presence there after the United States, have also declared their intention to reduce their contingents by the end of the year.
“The Afghan people wants the departure of foreign forces, and therefore Iran and Pakistan can play an important role in establishing a durable peace in Afghanistan,” the Iranian presidency website quoted Karzai as saying.
Ahmadinejad agreed that all three nations must “cooperate closely on security matters,” it said.
Zardari was quoted as saying that Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan must boost ties and cooperation because all three countries “are the main victims of terrorism and war.”
Iran has always been hostile to the presence of NATO forces in neighbouring Afghanistan, saying this strengthened terrorist groups such as the Taliban and Al-Qaeda more than it weakened them.
Tehran itself suffers from the activities of armed Sunni Muslim group Jundallah around its border with Pakistan and Afghanistan. Jundallah is on the United States’ list of outlawed terrorist groups.
On Saturday Zardari and Karzai will attend an international anti-terrorism conference alongside Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir, Iraqi President Jalal Talabani and Tajik President Emomali Rahmon, Iranian media reported.
All three arrived in the Iranian capital on Friday afternoon for the gathering, which will also be attended by other nations as observers.
Bashir is wanted by the International Criminal Court, which has issued two arrest warrants on charges of crimes against humanity and genocide in the Darfur region, where a bloody conflict has raged for eight years.
Iran, which is on Washington’s list of state sponsors of terrorism, regularly accuses Israel and the US of plotting terrorist attacks against its territory.

Wen Jiabao starts a tour of Europe in euro crisis

BUDAPEST (AFP) – Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao embarked Friday on a three-country tour of Europe, mired in currency and sovereign debt woes while Beijing’s European investments continue to grow.
Wen landed in Budapest shortly after midday, an airport spokesman said, with Hungarian Deputy Prime Minister Zsolt Semjen welcoming him.
After a visit that lasts until Saturday, including talks with Prime Minister Viktor Orban and a reception at a Budapest university, Wen moves on to London and Berlin before returning to China Tuesday night.
Nine months after a round trip to Greece, Italy and Turkey, he was back in Europe with a promise to support the region’s beleaguered economies.
“China’s government has adopted a series of positive measures such as increasing its holdings of euro bonds and promoting its economic cooperation and investment in Europe so as to support the European countries tide over the current crisis,” said Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei on Tuesday.
The visit will be centred primarily on economic issues, experts say. Nonetheless Wen might raise “delicate issues such as the Middle East, Afghanistan and North Korea with his British counterpart David Cameron, given that the United Kingdom is also a member in the Security Council of the UN,” said Brian Bridges, professor of political sciences at Hong Kong’s Lingnam University.
The recent release of dissident artist Ai Weiwei is expected to be discussed as well. British Foreign Minister William Hague underlined Thursday that there were “serious questions” on the circumstances of his detention and charges against him.
China, the world’s second largest economy, has already started to rebalance its commercial and financial relations, today tilted toward the United States and Japan, to increasingly benefit Europe as well.
Standard Chartered Bank said this week that China appeared to be investing less in US securities – which likely means more in euro debt.
Beijing does “not want the euro system to collapse because that would cause such a tremendous chaos” for China as well as Europe, Bridges said.
Budapest, for its part, hopes to become a “stepping stone” of sorts for China in Europe, as a logistics and commercial distribution centre, according to Hungarian Minister of National Development Tamas Fellegi.
Chinese investments could create several thousand jobs, he said in a statement, citing primarily air transport cooperation. China is to finance a high-speed train link connecting Budapest with its international airport.

Ex-Bangladesh PM’s son sentenced to jail
DHAKA (AFP) – A Bangladeshi court sentenced the younger son of former prime minister Khaleda Zia to six years in prison for laundering nearly $1 million through bank accounts in Singapore, a lawyer said.
Arafat Rahman Koko, who was tried in absentia and is currently in Bangkok, was fined $5.2 million for the crimes, carried out when his mother was last in power between 2001 and 2006, said state lawyer Mosharaf Hossain.
“The court has convicted Arafat Rahman Koko and given him six years’ imprisonment... for earning money illegally and laundering money through Singapore,” Hossain, who represented the government in the case, told AFP.
“He will be arrested when he gets back from Bangkok or – as there is an agreement between Thailand and Bangladesh – there is the possibility the government will begin extradition proceedings against him,” he added.
The court also sentenced Ismail Hossain Saimon, son of a former shipping minister and a co-accused in the case, to six years in prison and the same fine, Hossain said, adding that Saimon is currently on the run.
Analysts said the verdict could trigger street demonstrations by Zia’s Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) and its Islamist allies, who have dismissed the charges against Koko as politically motivated.
The BNP has recently staged protests against the government’s plan to scrap a system of holding national elections under a neutral caretaker administration.
Koko was frequently referred to as one of the most powerful men in Bangladesh when his mother was prime minister for her second term from 2001 to 2006.
Zia’s Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) suffered a crushing defeat in elections in December to her bitter rival and current Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina.
Both women were charged with corruption during the regime of a 2007 to 2009 army-backed caretaker government, and each spent a year behind bars only to be released as part of deals to ensure they took part in the election.
Zia’s eldest son, Tareque Rahman, also faces a string of corruption charges. He is currently living in London.
Armenia blames Azerbaijan for peace talks failure

YEREVAN (AFP) – Armenia blamed Azerbaijan on Saturday for the failure of a peace summit in Russia aimed at resolving a bitter territorial dispute that world powers fear could erupt into armed conflict.
The enemy countries’ leaders did not to manage to agree terms on a “basic principles” agreement intended as a road map towards resolving their dispute over the Nagorny Karabakh conflict zone, despite strong international pressure before their meeting in the Russian city of Kazan on Friday.
“Kazan did not become a turning point because Azerbaijan was not ready to accept the latest version of the basic principles,” Armenian Foreign Minister Edward Nalbandian said in a statement.
He accused Azerbaijan of undermining the talks by calling for “about 10” changes to the long-discussed document.
Despite the lack of any formal agreement, the two sides said they had achieved some progress.
“The heads of state noted the reaching of mutual understanding on a number of questions, whose resolution helps create conditions to approve the basic principles,” the leaders said in a statement published by the Kremlin.
The meeting supervised by Russia’s Dmitry Medvedev had sparked optimism that Armenian President Serzh Sarkisian and his Azerbaijani counterpart Ilham Aliyev might achieve the first major progress in many years of fruitless talks.
The two sides still exchange deadly fire around the Nagorny Karabakh conflict zone, 17 years after fighting a war over the now Armenian separatist-controlled region in western Azerbaijan.
The conflict in the 1990s killed some 30,000 people, and there are fears that a new flare-up could be even bloodier and potentially threaten pipelines taking Caspian Sea oil and gas from Azerbaijan to Europe.

Nepal probes collapsed runway at main airport

KATHMANDU (AFP) – Nepal’s government said Friday it would investigate the collapse earlier this week of part of the main runway at the country’s only international airport.
Flights were disrupted at Tribhuvan International Airport for several hours on Tuesday when a section of the runway subsided, apparently due to strong monsoon rains.
The more than 3,000-metre (10,000-foot) runway was repaired three months ago, but officials said parts started eroding again recently and they were forced to close the runway on Tuesday for safety reasons.
International flights from India and China were forced to divert for three hours to New Delhi and Dhaka.
“The problem itself may not be a major cause of concern, but we smell a rat in the quality of the repairs,” Tourism and Civil Aviation Minister Khadga Bahadur Bishwakarma told reporters.
“We are launching a high-level committee to investigate why it happened. The committee will present its report within a week,” he said.
The problem is likely to be because of the weak subsoil under the runway, which is threatened by the rivers and waterways that flow around the 50-year-old airport, experts said.


Expatriate Lankans earn USD 3 billion a year: Prof. G. L.Peiris
Minister of External Affairs, Prof. G. L. Peiris says that the government has launched an effective programme for the benefit of the Sri Lankan expatriates employed abroad who earn approximately USD 3 billion as foreign exchange each year and that Ministry of Foreign Employment, Sri Lanka Bureau of Foreign Employment, Foreign Employment Agency and Ministry of External Affairs should work hand in hand for its success.
The Minister noted that it is timely that Sri Lankan Embassies abroad are given the responsibility of finding out directly about foreign employers who deny payment of salaries and granting other privileges as per the agreement signed in Sri Lanka before leaving for work abroad.
Minister Peiris made these comments addressing the gathering after the ceremonial opening of the headquarters of the Sri Lanka Foreign Employment Agency in a building owned by the Foreign Employment Agency at Nawala junction, Nugegoda. Minister of Foreign Employment Promotion & Welfare, Dilan Perera and senior officials of the Agency also participated in this event.
Minister Peiris further noted that the ways in which the country earned foreign exchange, tended to change from time to time. “Fifteen years ago, we earned foreign exchange by exporting agricultural produce such as tea, rubber, coconut. Now Sri Lankans employed abroad earn thrice as much as the income generated by tea. Last year the country received around 3 billion US Dollars from the foreign employees. It only became second to the apparel industry. It shows the importance of this sector. When the country was faced with difficult circumstances, our foreign employees played a fundamental role in acquiring the financial resources we required. There are mutual obligations to be fulfilled. The government should also play an important role for their welfare. The President has given the responsibility of carrying out that duty to Minister Dilan Perera. For that he has launched and implemented a proper programme, said Prof. Peiris.
Expatriates employed abroad are not paid according to the service agreement they sign here. As a result of this, many of them come to our Embassies and ask for refuge. Therefore the Ministry of Foreign Employment, Foreign Employment Agency, the Foreign Employment Bureau and the Ministry of External Affairs should work in collaboration. It is timely that the responsibility of finding out directly whether the employers are complying with the agreement they have entered into, should be given to our embassies.
And also the expatriale employees do not enjoy the benefits expected of the insurance. Therefore the insurance scheme is currently being reformed to suit the present circumstance so that the employees are benefited according to what they have paid.
Although earlier women of this country left for employment without proper training, now there are training centers in various parts of the country to give them a proper training, Peiris said adding that a fully fledged programme to educate on how to live in a foreign country to deal with ones own work and own safety has been implemented.
Minister of Foreign Employment Promotion and Welfare, Dilan Perera addressing the meeting said that Sri Lanka Foreign Employment Agency is an entity whose objective is not to make money and in the matter of sending people for foreign employment it competes with the private sector. He further added the Foreign Employment Agency of Sri Lanka has to bear expenses on account of the expatriates sent abroad by the Private Employment Agencies returning due to various problems. He further said that a proper methodology is in place to achieve the objective of the Agency started by the President for the benefit of expatriates.
The welcome address and the vote of thank were delivered by Asanga Abeygunasekara, Chairman of the Institute. A group of people including some expatriates who went abroad for employment through the institute also took part in the event.
Japan confers prestigious decoration on Isfahani Sameen

On June 17 this year, the Government of Japan decided the conferment of ‘The Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Rosette’ upon Isfahani Sameen, Former World President of Junior Chamber International and Former Provincial Councillor of the Western Provincial Council, in recognition of his invaluable contributions in promoting bilateral relations between Japan and Sri Lanka as well as international relations among Japan and other countries.
A congratulatory message was sent by Takeaki Matsumoto, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan, on 18th June upon the announcement stating: “Please accept my sincerest congratulations on the conferment of ‘The Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Rosette’, in recognition of your outstanding contribution, and my best wishes for your continued good health and happiness”.
Sameen was an old boy of St. Aloysius College, Galle and Carey College, Colombo. He was an active member of the Jaycees in Sri Lanka and the founder member of the Wellawatte Jaycees in 1973. He was unanimously elected as the 44th World President of Junior Chamber International for the year 1989. As World President of Junior Chamber International, Sameen contributed significantly to promote international relations among Japan and other countries including Sri Lanka.
As President of the Wellawatte Jaycees Sameen was successful in signing a Sister Chapter Affiliation agreement with the Kitakyushu Jaycees of Japan and since then has been engaged in numerous activities to promote bilateral relations between Japan and Sri Lanka.
Among some of his greatest achievements are the mega project of the “Gifting of two Baby Elephants from the Government of Sri Lanka to the Mayor of Kitakyushu City”. Being conversant in the Japanese language Sameen served as project chairman of the Sri Lanka Trade Fair in Kitakyushu City in 1977, which also won the World Award at the Jaycees International World Congress.
Sameen was also the Leader of the Organisation when the Asian Pacific Conference was held in Yokohama City in 1989, which attracted a record 16,650 delegate participation from 52 countries and regions at which the Crown Prince of Japan was the Chief Guest at the opening ceremony. Since 2005, he has also played the roles of coordinator and Host Family to many Japanese children visiting Sri Lanka under the Asian Pacific Children’s Convention.
In the aftermath of the tsunami in Sri Lanka in 2004 Sameen was instrumental in spearheading numerous post-tsunami rehabilitation projects as well as securing numerous other donations to help various educational as well as welfare projects in Sri Lanka between 1977 and 2010.
The conferment ceremony of this prestigious decoration will be held at Colombo in due course.

Facts over fiction in the defeat of terrorism, says Ambassador Jaliya

Sri Lankan Ambassador Jaliya Wickramasuriya told an audience here last week that critics had distorted the historical record of Sri Lanka’s successful fight against terrorism in an effort to halt successful reconciliation and redevelopment.
 During his North Carolina visit, Ambassador Wickramasuriya also met with members of the local Sri Lankan community in Raleigh and he also visited a Buddhist temple.
Speaking to the Council on World Affairs Council of Greensboro, Ambassador Wickramasuriya explained that Sri Lanka has established an independent Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission to examine actions taken by both sides during the government’s conflict against the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), an internationally-banned terrorist group.
 Sri Lanka defeated the LTTE in May 2009 and has since been working to restore the livelihoods and communities of civilians displaced during the struggle. The LLRC is vital to reconciliation efforts, since it has taken public  testimony from top government officials and civilians affected by the conflict.
Some groups have called for an independent investigation of Sri Lanka by the United Nations. Ambassador Wickramasuriya said that LTTE supporters are pressing for an investigation as a means of derailing Sri Lanka’s peaceful recovery.
 “Though the LTTE proclaimed to be fighting for the rights of the Tamil people in Sri Lanka, its violent methods meant that it had very little real support among Tamils there,” Ambassador Wickramasuriya said. “In fact, the LTTE killed thousands of Tamils through terrorism. Tamils who dared to run for public office were gunned down – hundreds of them.  That’s why people in Sri Lanka despise the LTTE.”
 Sri Lanka has realized significant progress following the end of the conflict. Its GDP was 8.2 percent in 2010 and unemployment and inflation have both dropped. Per capita income has doubled in the last five years and is on track to double again by 2016.
Foreign direct investment in 2011 will reach $1 billion, according to government economists. Tourism was up in 2010 50 percent over 2009, and it was up 65 percent over the 2010 pace for the first quarter of 2011.
During his speech, the ambassador noted that the government has committed substantial resources into redeveloping Northern Sri Lanka, rebuilding damaged homes, roads, bridges, rail lines and water systems. The national electrical grid is expanding to the entire country for the first time.
 He also pointed out that there had not been a single death due to terrorism in two years, ever since the conflict ended. “Terrorism is over,” he declared.
 “Sri Lanka prides itself as a democracy,” the ambassador continued. “We also pride ourselves for having defeated a terrorist group that the Federal Bureau of Investigation called the world’s deadliest. And we pride ourselves in freeing our people and helping them to overcome the hardship caused by years of strife.
“A recent Gallup poll had indicated that people in the North are happier than they have been in five years of polling. That’s because they have freedom and there is no more violence,” said ambassador Jaliya.

USAIA supports dairy producers

Farmers in eastern Sri Lanka recently received milk storage cans and collection trucks that will help them improve their participation in the dairy value chain. 
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the development arm of the U.S. Government, delivered the trucks to two farmer-owned milk collection centers in Batticaloa district and provided the storage cans to two milk producer groups in the Batticaloa and Polonnaruwa districts.
According to Priyanka Dissanayake, USAID Project Management Specialist, these investments are part of USAID’s Dairy Enhancement in the Eastern Province (DEEP) Project, a partnership with the U.S.-based Land O’Lakes and Sri Lankan CIC Agri Businesses.
“By connecting farmers to value chains, DEEP works to increase dairy production and improve farmers’ incomes in the East,” Priyanka explained.  Many farmers have received grants to directly improve dairy production, typically by buying a cow, constructing cattle sheds, or developing their water supply and pasture land. “Before the project started, farmers were getting an average of Rs. 29 per liter of milk. With this project, farmers are now earning Rs. 49 per liter,” noted Dissanayake.
The USAID Mission Director, James Bednar said, “A vibrant domestic dairy sector is important for Sri Lanka’s long term prosperity. This project can help improve the milk supply, and it will put more money in the pockets of smallholder farmers.”
According to USAID, DEEP helps farmers strengthen their position in the market by mobilising them to organise into milk producer groups. It provides training and equipment so they can produce more milk and sell it at a better price. To date, forty-two producer groups have been created.
The project is also setting up four milk collection centers which will be owned by the milk producer groups and will link producers to regular buyers of raw milk.
As part of DEEP’s small grants program, Priyanka Dissanayake also handed over a check for Rs. 960,000 to the farmers. Since 2009, the project has distributed small grants averaging Rs. 20,000 to over 2,100 dairy farmers. 
The American people, through the U.S. Agency for International Development, have provided development and humanitarian assistance in developing countries worldwide for nearly 50 years. Since 1956, USAID/Sri Lanka has invested nearly $2 billion to benefit all the people of Sri Lanka.

Liberal Leaders leave for Manila

Leader of the Liberal Party Kamal Nissanka, President Mrs. Swarna Amarathunge, Vice President Dr. Newton Pieris, Secretary for International Affairs Prof. Rajiva Wijesinghe, MP and President of the Youth League Miss Seliyna Pieris left for the Philippines on June 16, 2011 to participate in the 57th Congress of the Liberal International held in Manila from June 16 - 21.
Delegates from Europe, Latin America, Africa and Asia gathered to represent respective liberal parties. Among the Asian heads of state, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, President of Indonesia, Abhisit Vejajiva Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Thailand and Benigno Simeon Aquino III, President of Republic of the Philippines participated at various events.
Many parliamentarians of Europe and other countries also joined the Congress. The two themes discussed at the congress were:
1. Democracy and Development
2. Human Rights and Trade
The executive committee of the Council of Asian Liberal and Democrats (CALD) was held after the LI Congress under the chairmanship of Prof. Rajiva Wijesingha, MP.

Photography exhibition in Galle

Mahinda Yapa Abeywardena, Minister of Agriculture and Chandima Weerakkody, Deputy Speaker being welcomed at the photography exhibition held at the Galle Maritime Archaeology Museum in Fort. The event, organised by the Galle District Chamber of Commerce and Industry (GDCCI) was held from June 17 to 19. The exhibition had works on Buddhist sites in India by well known Indian photographer Sandeep Shankar as well as photographs from GDCCI photographic association and Galle District school camera clubs.

(Pic by Neminda Samarajeewa)