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Literary side of Bandaranaike
By Bhagavadas Srikanthadas

S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike, known to many as a politician, was born on January 8, 1899 and succumbed to an assassin’s bullet on September 26, 1959. It’s unfortunate no serious study has been ever done to evaluate his life from a literary perspective.
To find out about Bandaranaike’s literary skills, his “Speeches and writings” remains a treasure trove. This volume was published by the Department of Broadcasting and Information, to coincide with the fourth death anniversary of the late Prime Minister’s death. Bandaranaike’s “Memories of Oxford” which appears in this volume is a collection of articles he wrote to a Colombo journal The Ceylon Causerie less than a decade after he left Oxford. This series of articles written in an elegant style, though at times may appear to be in stilted form, encapsulates his days at this prestigious institution. These writings help the reader to get a better understanding not only of the challenges that under-graduates from the colonies faced at Oxford, but also about the writer’s interest in the field he opted to study as well as some interesting information about a few of his contemporaries who were destined to enter the world of the literati.

Western classics
Bandaranaike owes a great deal to A.C. Radford for introducing him to western classics at an early age. It was Sir Solomon, father of young Bandaranaike, who engaged Radford of Cambridge University as full time private tutor to his son. The scholar from Cambridge not only introduced his protégé to Chaucer and Milton but also provided a thorough grounding in classics. As tutor he was provided accommodation at the ancestral residence of Bandaranaike’s at Horagolla, where he remained for four years till his protégé turned fifteen.
Later Bandaranaike was admitted to S Thomas’ College, Colombo as a boarder during the warden-ship of Stone. The tutoring he had from Radford provided young Bandaranaike with an edge over his classmates. Not surprisingly, a few years later when he sat for the Cambridge Senior he performed exceptionally well, obtaining distinctions in English and Latin.
Bandaranaike read classics at Oxford during a period where it was unusual for anyone other than an “English public-schoolboy to read for Litterae Humaniores”. As an undergraduate at Oxford he was fascinated by Prof. Gilbert Murray’s lectures on Homer and Prof. Garrod’s on Virgil.

Oxford contemporaries
Amongst his Oxford contemporaries, there were a few who were destined to excel as writers of great repute. The friendship Bandaranaike forged with Edward Marjoribanks lasted till the early death of the latter. After leaving Oxford, Marjoribanks made great strides as a politician, lawyer and also an author. There are several books to his credit and “The Life of Marshall Hall”, the autography of a great criminal lawyer, is considered to be his magnum opus.
In his “Memories of Oxford” Bandaranaike also alludes to Evelyn Waugh, an undergraduate four years younger than him. Evelyn wrote several novels including Decline and Fall, A Handful of Dust, etc. At Oxford when Bandaranaike was functioning as Junior Treasurer, prior to being elected as Secretary of the Union, had an ‘encounter’ with Waugh over collecting subscription which was in arrears.
Leelamani Naidu, daughter of Sarojini Naidu, attended Oxford during Bandaranaike’s days. According to him “She possessed all the charm of her mother, and gave promise of developing much of her talent”.
The short story as a genre always fascinated Bandaranaike. In “Memories of Oxford” he recalls a short story he wrote for the Cardinal’s Hat, his College magazine, “which was returned”. This didn’t dampen his desire to try his hand as a short story writer on his return to Ceylon.

Loathing for respectable garment
After being away from home for six years, Bandaranaike returned in early 1925. To keep his literary interests alive in Ceylon, he co-edited The Island Review with J. Vijayatunga. In the September 1926 issue of this journal Bandaranaike’s short story “The Kandy Perahera” appeared. This story serves as a prism for readers to view the conflict taking place within the writer and how it spilled over as a symbolic manifestation of loathing for ‘his stiff shirt front and collar’ considered by the West as the respectable garment of civilisation.
The Mystery of the Missing Candidate, a story serialised in the Sunday Times of Ceylon during the early part of 1951, gives a glimpse of the life a candidate has to put up with during a Sri Lankan election. This story is leavened with a touch of humour. By the time this story was written Bandaranaike had turned out to be a seasoned hustings performer, and was aware of the ways everyone paid blatant disregard to the edicts from the Election Office. Probably the writer sees in his hero, Sunil Rajapakse, a mirror image of himself! The hero lives in an ancestral house built during the Dutch period by his grandfather. Sunil Rajapakse on return from Oxford University on completion of his studies, takes to politics like the writer.
The story portrays how the candidate virtually becomes a prisoner in the hands of his supporters, dancing to their tune by participating in processions and propaganda meetings; the ancestral home turned into a twenty-four hour kitchen to feed all and sundry who masqueraded as well wishers. Bandaranaike through this story explains how politics can change an honourable person to trim his sails to every wind and make him lead a “Jekyll and Hyde” life. Finally, Sunil Rajapakse, a person with an intellectual leaning, finds an escape route that would give him much needed tranquility.

Bandaranaike who enjoyed reading classics found equal pleasure with horror stories and detective novels. Edgar Alan Poe, Agatha Christie and Sherlock Homes are some of the writers to whom he alludes in his writings. In most of his short stories including The Horror of Mahahena, we come across a fictional character John Ratsinghe who helps us un-tangle mind boggling mysteries. Bandaranaike sees in John Ratsinghe the local counterpart of Sherlock Holmes - a truth he makes more obvious in The adventures of the soulless man.
Bandaranaike’s writings show he had enormous creative skills which if developed could have taken him to great literary heights. Probably he would have been another Evelyn Waugh!