The vegetation in this area has been protected for 30 years as they were generally left alone during the 30 year conflict. However, at present, the jungles around Kokthuduwa, or Kokkuthuduwai, which is frequented by storks, are being destroyed. It is understandable that the trees and plants on either side of the roads had to be cleared during the final conflict; however, it is tragic that this narrow strip of land is constantly being reduced
The large mangrove forest located in the Karukapane Grama Niladhari Division in the Arachchikattuwa electorate of the Puttalam district is presently being cleared to build an 80 room luxury hotel belonging to Laugfs Leisure (Pvt) Ltd, according to the Environment Conservation Trust (ECT). The ECT claims that as the first step of this building project, a gravel road, was being constructed through the mangrove forest. Around five acres of forest land has already been cleared and filled with earth for this purpose, claims Sajeewa Chamikara of the ECT.
Sri Lanka was blessed with vast stretches of lush green forests which were subsequently cleared on a massive scale throughout the British Colonial Era, primarily for cultivation of cash crops such as Tea, Coffee, Rubber and Cardamom. As a result, wet zone forests were fragmented leaving little of the original cover in viable continuous forest spans out of which Kanneliya-Dediyagala-Nakiyadeniya (KDN) forest complex is considered the most significant.